Consider the view that mathematics possesses not only truth, but supreme beauty.

YES: Besides imparting truth, mathematics in both its theoretical and applied forms conveys beauty unmatched by other disciplines and ways of life to us.

  1. Mathematics conveys rules and principles to inform our understanding of natural phenomena and at the same time, instill appreciation of their universally aesthetic and pleasing manifestations.

  2. The application of mathematical principles to art, either deliberately or unwittingly, enables practitioners from all artistic fields to create works of unsurpassed beauty or insight.  

  3. Mathematics is used to direct both the functioning and form of some modern technologies, thereby manifesting both the universal truths underpinning physical reality and the physically pleasing forms such technologies come in.   

NO: Although mathematics imparts truth in both its theoretical and applied forms, its aesthetic appeal may be specific rather than universalized, especially when other disciplines rival mathematics in their beauty and appeal to us.

Occasionally, the truths underpinned by mathematics may be abused by the knowledgeable to create acts of great immorality or destruction.

  1. Mathematics may convey rules and principles that explain our objective physical reality and yet, pale in comparison to the explanations of physical reality posited by other fields of human endeavor.

  2. The application of mathematical principles to some human endeavors has resulted in acts of destruction and inhumanity which manifest in aesthetically disturbing and dehumanizing practices.

  3. The aesthetically pleasing forms of some modern technologies are largely dependent and drawn from the imagination of the designer, which may be inspired more by cultural rather than mathematical considerations.