YES: There are some pragmatic and legally compelling reasons to justify the right of all countries to conduct unlimited scientific research.
The right to conduct life-saving research into medicine and subsequently exploit them should be given to all countries and not be limited by unfair laws or practices that give the right of research and development to a few parties, such as exclusive patent rights to life-saving drugs.
All countries should be given the right to conduct unlimited scientific research into the causes and solutions of global challenges, such as climate change, as doing so presents a greater range of options and possibly successful findings.
All countries should be given the right to conduct scientific research that may be morally or ethically controversial if doing so ensures its future well-being and national survival.
NO: There are too many perils and problems associated with granting unlimited scientific research as a universal right for all countries, making it unjustifiable in most cases.
The world will be better off regulating expensive but life-saving medical research by limiting it to more qualified corporations, scientists and experts, who will be motivated by the commercial incentives to work competitively and develop innovations and cures at a more effective rate.
The regulatory procedures and scientific processes governing research may be rudimentary in some countries, and limiting research to more able countries prevents the hasty and dangerous application of untested knowledge or technologies that may have far-reaching and unintended consequences.
It is too easy for irresponsible governments to conduct dangerous research, such as those involving nuclear weaponry, in the name of defending their national interest, making it necessary for international bodies to regulate scientific research by countries and uphold international security and well-being.