To what extent does the migration of people have a positive effect?

YES: Migration patterns and trends worldwide manifest a vast array of positive effects for stakeholders at all levels.

  1. Migrant workers fulfill an important economic role to host countries when they fill employment gaps in industries providing essential goods and services, such as construction workers or domestic helpers, which locals have rejected on the basis of low pay or status.

  2. Talented immigrants add to the numbers of the creative class in host countries, contributing to the development of knowledge-based industries and intellectual life.

  3. Migration facilitates networks and diasporas of people with stakes in both their host and home countries, creating communities that help bridge geographical and cultural boundaries, thereby fostering closer economic and social ties between them.

NO: Migration patterns and trends worldwide manifest marginal benefits and mostly disadvantages for stakeholders at all levels.

  1. The economic benefits that migrant workers bring may be outweighed by various negative and unintended social problems when host countries fail to facilitate their integration, resulting in tensions between migrant workers and locals.

  2. Talented immigrants compete directly with local talents in host countries, potentially leading to the displacement of the latter and causing social fragmentation between old and new citizens.

  3. Migration may lead to exclusive networks and diasporas of people from home countries, causing resentment amongst the locals of host countries and triggering conflict between them.