Yes: Scientific or technological developments present a spectrum of dynamic opportunities and challenges for humanity, justifying their regulation to a large degree.
- Scientific and technological developments may present moral or ethical controversies in their research processes and usage, making it imperative for societal regulation to ensure that desirable moral values and ethical boundaries are not unnecessarily compromised.
- The commercialization of technological developments and innovations may impose or aggravate existing patterns of economic inequality, leaving the less-well off in an even more economically disadvantageous situation.Society would thus have strong impetus and compulsion to regulate and limit the extent of such commercialization to prevent the deepening of technology induced inequality.
- Scientific knowledge and technological innovations may have security implications in their usage, compelling society to be wary and put in place regulation to prevent their abuse by both legitimate consumers and illegitimate groups such as criminal organizations.
- Technological innovations may generate substantial political and economic advantages for society at the expense of the environment. Collectively, humanity would need to examine the environmental costs of such technologies and be highly vigilant in imposing regulatory frameworks to ensure long-term environmental sustainability over short-term material gains.
No: Regulation of scientific or technological developments may be excessively exercised due to unusual political, economic and cultural considerations, reducing their overall worth to humanity. Regulation in such cases would prove to be less justifiable and lighter touch to encourage effective usage may be more appropriate in comparison.
- Moral and ethical boundaries may be overly restrictive and unsuitable to changing social norms which scientific and technological developments respond to. Regulation of these developments should thus be taken only marginally as doing so enables society to fully tap on the advantages provided by them rather than exclude ourselves from them as a result of our own outdate moral or ethical boundaries.
- In some societies, authoritarian regimes may use regulation as a means of gaining access and control to commercial benefits derived by businesses utilizing scientific and technological developments. Regulation is thus an unethical excuse deployed by the state to take profits that are not its due within a compromised legal framework, making it a highly unjustifiable act.
- Scientific knowledge and technological innovations may be helpful in exposing of illicit government dealings and activities leading them to regulate these innovations and suppress public knowledge of their shady dealings. Regulation is thus morally unjustifiable as it merely perpetuates the injustice and dishonesty suffered by society at the hands of problematic governments.
- The environmental impacts caused by some scientific and technological developments may be highly relevant and significant to the long-term political and economic well-being of a nation. For governments in these circumstances, international pressure to regulate the deployment of such technologies would be less morally compelling or justifiable compared to ensuring the well-being of the nation.